What Are the Best Strategies for Youth Hockey Players to Improve Stick Handling?

For any young hockey player, the ability to handle the puck with precision and skill is a key component of the game. In fact, the term ‘stickhandling’ refers to the player’s ability to control the puck on ice using their hockey stick. Though it may look simple when professional players do it, stickhandling is an art that requires practice, finesse, and a deep understanding of the game’s nuances. It involves not just the hand but the head, the body, and even the side from which you choose to approach. This article will guide you through some strategies that can help youth hockey players to improve their stickhandling skills and become great at their game.

Understanding the Basics of Stickhandling

Before diving into specific strategies, it’s vital to have a firm grasp of the basics of stickhandling. The most important aspect of this skill is the ability to maintain control of the puck, whether the player is stationary or moving on the ice.

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The key to effective stickhandling is keeping the puck on the blade of the stick, not the tip. This is where the player has the most control. The player should also ensure that their top hand is doing the majority of the work, with the bottom hand acting as a guide. The stick should be held lightly, allowing for quick maneuvers without losing control of the puck.

Just as important is the player’s body positioning. Stickhandling is not just about the hands – it’s a full-body activity. The player’s head should be up, looking at the play instead of at the puck. The player’s knees should be bent, and weight distributed evenly on both feet. This provides stability and balance, allowing the player to move quickly and react to the play.

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Drills to Improve Stickhandling

Drills are the bread and butter of any sport. They allow players to practice specific skills in a controlled environment, which can then be applied in a real game situation. For stickhandling, there are several drills that can help youth hockey players improve their control and confidence with the puck.

One popular drill is the ‘stickhandle in a box’ drill. The player starts with the puck in front of them, then moves it to their backhand side, to the front, and to the forehand side, creating a ‘box’. This helps players to practice moving the puck around their body while maintaining control.

Another effective drill is the ‘figure eight’ drill. The player sets up two pucks or cones about a stick’s length apart and stickhandles the puck in a figure eight pattern around them. This helps to improve puck control during quick changes of direction.

Consistent practice of these drills will help players to improve their stickhandling skills, making them more effective in the game.

Incorporating Game Situations into Training

Practicing drills is important, but it’s also crucial to incorporate real game situations into training. This allows players to apply their stickhandling skills in a realistic environment, where they have to react quickly and make decisions on the fly.

One method is to use small-sided games in training. These are games with fewer players, which means more puck touches for each player and more opportunities to practice stickhandling. In these games, players can work on their puck control in tight spaces and under pressure from opponents.

Another method is to use game-like drills. For example, a player could practice stickhandling through a series of cones, then take a shot on goal. This simulates the process of carrying the puck up the ice and shooting, which is a common part of the game.

By incorporating game situations into training, players can improve their stickhandling in a way that directly translates to the game.

Mental Preparation and Visualization

Lastly, it’s important to remember that hockey is not just a physical game. It’s also a mental game, and mental preparation can be just as important as physical training. This is particularly true for stickhandling, which requires quick thinking and decision making.

One strategy that can help is visualization. This involves picturing a successful play in your head before it happens. For example, a player might visualize themselves stickhandling through a group of opponents and scoring a goal. They might picture the precise movements they would need to make, the feel of the puck on their stick, and the satisfaction of seeing the puck in the back of the net.

Visualization can help to build confidence and reduce anxiety, which can lead to improved performance on the ice.

By implementing these strategies, youth hockey players can significantly improve their stickhandling skills. It may require hard work and dedication, but the payoff will be worth it when they see their game improve.

Building Physical Strength and Endurance

As a budding hockey player, raising your physical strength and stamina will play an integral role in your ability to effectively handle the puck. The strength of your upper body, particularly your wrists and forearms, will significantly affect your ability to control the puck. Engaging in regular exercises aimed at improving your grip strength, such as wrist curls, can help improve your stickhandling.

Endurance is also crucial in hockey. Players must be able to maintain a high level of performance throughout the game, regardless of its duration. Aerobic exercises like running, cycling, or swimming can be highly beneficial in building your cardiovascular endurance. Strength training, on the other hand, can help you develop the power needed to keep your stickhandling quick and agile, even in the late stages of a game.

Flexibility is another aspect that shouldn’t be overlooked. The ability to reach and move the puck requires a wide range of motion. Regular stretching exercises can enhance your flexibility, making it easier to control the puck in challenging situations.

Remember, regular exercise, coupled with proper nutrition, will help any young hockey player build the physical attributes necessary for outstanding stickhandling. Equally important, though, is rest. Giving your body time to recover after intense physical activity is a key component of any successful training regime.

Mastering Advanced Stickhandling Techniques

Once a youth hockey player has a firm grasp of the basics of stickhandling and has built up their physical strength and flexibility, it’s time to move on to more advanced techniques. These techniques, such as the toe drag, can add an additional layer of complexity to a player’s game, making them harder to predict and defend against.

The toe drag involves pulling the puck towards your body with the toe (the end farthest from the handle) of the stick. This movement can be used to trick an opponent into thinking you are about to pass or shoot, only to quickly retrieve the puck and continue your movement.

Another advanced technique is the backhand toe drag. This is a more complex variation of the toe drag, where the player uses the backhand side of the blade to pull the puck towards their body. Mastering this technique can add a surprising element to your game, as opponents often expect players to only use the forehand side of the blade.

Practicing these advanced stickhandling techniques regularly will help young hockey players become more dynamic and unpredictable, making them a formidable force on the ice.


Stickhandling is a critical skill for any hockey player, and mastering it requires a combination of understanding the fundamentals, practicing drills, incorporating game situations into training, mental preparation, physical strength, and, eventually, learning advanced stickhandling techniques.

By dedicating time and effort to these areas, youth hockey players can significantly advance their stickhandling abilities. The strategies mentioned in this article are not quick fixes, but they do provide a clear roadmap to success. With consistency, dedication, and the right mindset, any young player can become a top-notch stick handler, capable of controlling the moving puck with ease and precision.

Remember, improvement comes with time. Keep your head up, both literally and figuratively, and most importantly, keep enjoying the beautiful game of ice hockey. Whether you end up playing professionally or recreationally, the skills you develop now will undoubtedly serve you well on the ice.